Alopecia: an autoimmune disease that causes hair loss. Alopecia contains an autoimmune factor that causes the patient to develop, antibodies to different parts of the hair follicles, that contains
certain chemicals parts of the immune system to stop the hair follicle growth.
There are four well-known types of alopecia:
Alopecia Areata: a common skin disease that starts with one or more circular bald patches. Areata alopecia can be brought on by severe stress.
Approximately seven million people in the U.S have alopecia areata.
Central Centrifugal Alopecia : (CCCA) is most common in African American women.
Central Centrifugal Alopecia is known as the permanent destruction of hair follicles.
Some patients develop CCCA by using harsh chemicals such as relaxers, perms or permanent hair color.
Alopecia Universalis (AU) is complete hair loss on the scalp and body.
Traction Alopecia: balding disorder among young women and girls with highly textured hair. Baldness occurs when the hair is pulled too tight. Pulling of the hair can cause the hair to be pulled out of the follicles, taking out the hair root and the build, destroying the hair shaft.
Since the 1760's researchers has been experimenting with ways to help prevent hair from falling out by experimenting with different types of medications, oils, shampoos and hair implants.
Hair grows at an average rate of 1/2 inch per month. Each hair grows for about 2 to 6 years and then fall out. A new hair grows in its place with a 15% difference in texture. Baldness occurs when hair falls out and new hair doesn't grow in its place.
The cause of failure to grow new hair in female pattern baldness is not understood, but it is associated with genetic, predisposition, aging and levels of endocrine hormones. Changes in the hair levels of androgens can affect hair production. After the hormonal changes of menopause, many women find that the hair on the head is thinned while facial hair is coarser.
Female & Male pattern baldness is usually different.
Females' hair thins all over the head, except the frontal hairline is maintained & most males' hair loss is on the crown.
Alopecia can occur in many
Temporary shedding of the hair (telogen effluvium)
Breakage ( pulling of hair)
Certain skin diseases
Alopecia has been around for many years, why haven't we heard a lot about it? The answer is simple, alopecia isn't fatal however it can cause emotional depression and anxiety that can affect people's everyday life.